One Person Company Registration – OPC Registration Procedure in India

One Person Company Registration – OPC Registration Procedure in India


Starting a business as a sole proprietor can be risky, as it exposes the individual’s personal assets to business liabilities. To provide a supportive environment for small entrepreneurs, the concept of a One Person Company (OPC) was introduced in India. OPC allows a single individual to enjoy the benefits of limited liability while maintaining full control over the company. In this article, we will discuss the OPC registration procedure in India, guiding you through the essential steps to establish your own OPC.

  1. Obtain Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)

The first step in the OPC registration process is to obtain a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC). A DSC is a secure digital key issued by certifying authorities, serving as proof of identity for online transactions. To obtain a DSC, you need to submit the required documents and undergo a verification process. This certificate will be used to digitally sign the incorporation documents.

  1. Obtain Director Identification Number (DIN)

The next step is to obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN) for the proposed director of the OPC. The DIN can be obtained by filing an application with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) along with the necessary documents, including identity and address proofs. Once approved, the DIN will serve as a unique identification number for the director.

  1. Name Reservation and Approval

Choosing a unique and suitable name for your OPC is crucial. You must ensure that the proposed name complies with the relevant guidelines and is not identical or similar to existing trademarks or company names. To reserve and approve the name, you need to file an application with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) along with the prescribed fees and necessary documents.

  1. Preparation of Documents

After name approval, you must prepare the necessary incorporation documents, including the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA). These documents outline the company’s objectives, rules, and regulations, as well as the rights and responsibilities of its members. Ensure that the documents are prepared accurately and comply with the statutory requirements.

  1. Submission and Payment of Fees

Once the incorporation documents are prepared, they need to be submitted to the ROC along with the required registration fees. The fees vary based on the authorized capital of the OPC. It is important to pay the fees within the specified timeframe to avoid any delays or penalties.

  1. Certificate of Incorporation

Upon successful review and verification of the documents, the ROC will issue a Certificate of Incorporation. This certificate serves as legal proof of the existence of your OPC. It includes important details such as the company’s name, registration number, and date of incorporation.


One Person Company (OPC) registration provides a unique opportunity for single entrepreneurs to establish a limited liability entity. By following the prescribed OPC registration procedure in India, individuals can enjoy the benefits of limited liability, while maintaining full control over their businesses. Obtaining a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC), Director Identification Number (DIN), choosing an appropriate name, preparing the necessary documents, submitting them to the ROC, and obtaining the Certificate of Incorporation are the key steps involved in OPC registration. It is recommended to seek professional guidance from experts or consult a reliable OPC registration service provider to ensure a smooth and successful registration process. Embrace the advantages of forming an OPC and embark on your entrepreneurial journey with confidence.

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