Understanding the Difference Between FPO and FSSAI in India

Understanding the Difference Between FPO and FSSAI in India


In India, FPO and FSSAI are two regulatory bodies that play a crucial role in ensuring food safety and quality standards. While both organizations are responsible for overseeing and regulating specific aspects of the food industry, it is important to understand the distinctions between FPO (Fruit Products Order) and FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India). In this article, we will explore the key differences between these two bodies and their respective mandates.

  1. FPO (Fruit Products Order)

FPO is a regulatory body established under the Ministry of Agriculture in India. Its primary focus is to regulate the quality and safety standards of various fruit products. FPO ensures that fruit products, including juices, jams, squashes, and canned fruits, meet specific quality parameters defined by the government. It sets guidelines for the processing, packaging, labeling, and storage of these products to ensure consumer safety and prevent the sale of adulterated or substandard goods.

  1. FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India)

FSSAI, on the other hand, is the central regulatory authority responsible for maintaining food safety and quality standards across the entire food industry in India. It is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. FSSAI’s primary objective is to protect public health by ensuring the availability of safe and wholesome food for consumption. It sets standards for food products and establishes guidelines for food businesses, including licensing, labeling, hygiene, and safety practices. FSSAI monitors and regulates food businesses, such as food manufacturers, distributors, retailers, and importers, to ensure compliance with these standards.

  1. Scope of Regulation

The scope of regulation for FPO is limited to fruit products, ensuring their quality and safety. FPO focuses on the manufacturing, packaging, labeling, and storage processes specific to fruit products. On the other hand, FSSAI covers a wide range of food products, including fruits, vegetables, dairy, meat, grains, beverages, and more. FSSAI’s regulations encompass the entire food supply chain and cover various aspects, such as hygiene, labeling, packaging, additives, contaminants, and nutritional standards.

  1. Licensing and Registration

FPO mandates specific licenses for fruit product manufacturers, certifying that their products meet the defined quality standards. These licenses are obtained through the respective state-level Fruit Commissioner’s office. On the other hand, FSSAI requires food businesses to obtain a license or registration depending on their scale of operation. The FSSAI license ensures that businesses comply with the food safety and quality regulations set by the authority.

  1. Authority and Enforcement

FPO operates under the purview of the Ministry of Agriculture and focuses solely on fruit products. Its enforcement is primarily carried out by Fruit Inspectors appointed at the state level. FSSAI, being an autonomous body, has wider jurisdiction over the entire food industry. It has the authority to enforce food safety regulations through designated Food Safety Officers across the country.


In summary, FPO and FSSAI are both important regulatory bodies in India concerning food safety and quality. While FPO regulates fruit products, FSSAI oversees the entire food industry, covering a wide range of food products. Understanding the distinctions between these two regulatory bodies is crucial for businesses operating in the food sector to ensure compliance with the appropriate standards and obtain the necessary licenses. By adhering to FPO and FSSAI regulations, businesses can maintain consumer trust and contribute to the overall safety and quality of food products in India.

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