Income Tax on Fixed Deposit Interest Income

Income Tax on Fixed Deposit Interest Income

Fixed Deposits (FDs) are a popular investment choice among risk-averse investors in India. They offer guaranteed returns over a fixed tenure, making them a safe and predictable option. However, the interest earned on fixed deposits is subject to income tax, and understanding the tax implications is crucial for investors. This article delves into the details of how income tax applies to FD interest income and offers tips on how to manage and optimize your tax liability.

1. Understanding Fixed Deposit Interest Income

    When you invest in a fixed deposit, you earn interest on the principal amount over the chosen tenure. This interest can be paid out periodically (monthly, quarterly, or annually) or compounded and paid out at maturity. Regardless of the payment method, the interest earned is considered as income and is taxable under the head ‘Income from Other Sources’ in your Income Tax Return (ITR).

    2. Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) on FD Interest

      Banks and financial institutions deduct tax at source (TDS) on FD interest if the interest earned exceeds ₹40,000 in a financial year (₹50,000 for senior citizens). The TDS rate is 10%, provided you have submitted your PAN to the bank. If PAN is not provided, TDS is deducted at 20%.

      If you earn ₹50,000 as interest in a year, the bank will deduct ₹5,000 as TDS (10% of ₹50,000) and you will receive ₹45,000.

      3. Filing Your Income Tax Return

        While TDS is deducted by the bank, it does not mean that your tax liability on FD interest is settled. You need to include the interest income in your ITR and pay any additional tax liability, or claim a refund if the tax deducted exceeds your total tax liability.

        Steps to include FD interest in your ITR:

        • Calculate the total interest earned from all FDs during the financial year.
        • Include this amount under ‘Income from Other Sources’.
        • Mention the TDS deducted by the bank, which can be verified from Form 26AS or the TDS certificate (Form 16A) provided by the bank.

        4. Taxation Based on Income Slabs

          The interest income from FDs is added to your total income and taxed according to the applicable income tax slab rates.

          If your total annual income, including FD interest, falls within the 20% tax slab, the interest will be taxed at 20%.

          5. Exemptions and Deductions

            Senior citizens (60 years and above) can avail of certain exemptions and deductions on FD interest:

            • Under Section 80TTB, senior citizens can claim a deduction of up to ₹50,000 on interest income from fixed deposits.
            • The threshold for TDS deduction on FD interest for senior citizens is ₹50,000, as opposed to ₹40,000 for others.

            6. Avoiding TDS Deduction

              If your total income is below the taxable limit, you can submit Form 15G (for individuals below 60 years) or Form 15H (for senior citizens) to the bank, declaring that your total income is below the exemption limit. This ensures no TDS is deducted on your FD interest.

              If you are a senior citizen earning ₹2.5 lakh from other sources and ₹40,000 as FD interest, submitting Form 15H will prevent TDS deduction on your FD interest.

              7. Managing and Optimizing Tax Liability

                • Split Investments: Consider spreading your FD investments across multiple banks to keep the interest below the TDS threshold in each bank.
                • Reinvesting: Opt for reinvestment of interest to take advantage of compounding, which may help manage tax liability better over longer tenures.
                • Monitoring Interest Payments: Keep track of your interest payments and plan tax-saving investments accordingly to reduce your overall tax liability.


                Interest earned from fixed deposits is a crucial part of many investors’ income, especially for risk-averse individuals. However, it is essential to understand the tax implications and manage your investments effectively to minimize your tax burden. By staying informed about TDS rules, filing accurate ITRs, and utilizing available exemptions and deductions, you can ensure a smooth and tax-efficient investment experience with fixed deposits. If you need assistance with filing your ITR or managing your tax liabilities, consult TaxFillingIndia for expert guidance and personalized support.

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